Ich beziehe seit längerem den Newsletter einer Chinesischen NGO, dem Clean Air Asia China Office. Gerade erhielt ich die neueste Ausgabe. Der Newsletter kommt einigermassen regelmaessig, ich habe mich seinerzeit in den Verteiler aufnehmen lassen. Ich kann das empfehlen.
Hier ein paar Auszüge des aktuellen Newsletters – und die Kontaktadresse von Mingming Liu, fuer diejenigen, die Interesse am Newsletter haben:
Clean Air Asia China Office Newsletter
(Issue No.2, January 2013)
Special Edition: China Haze in January 2013
SEVERE AIR POLLUTION IN BEIJING
CAUSES OF THE HAZE
A press conference was held at the morning of Jan 14,2013 with the attendance of Beijing Environmental Protection Bureau (BJ EPB), BJ Economic Commission, BJ Transport Commission, BJ Housing and Construction Commission, BJ Sanitation Bureau, BJ Transport Management Bureau and BJ Urban Management Enforcement Bureau. BJ Environment Monitoring Center explained the reasons for the BJ haze:
- The key reason for this haze is due to the large pollutants emissions caused by power plants, vehicles, industries, and dusts. In particular, the extremely cold weather which started in December 2012 in the North China led to more heating supply, generating more emissions.
- Moreover, the dispersion conditions were not good in BJ, so the pollutants were accumulated in the air, which is the direct cause of this haze in BJ.
- Regional air pollution is another important reason for this haze. The air pollution level of neighboring regions/cities (Tianjin city and Hebei province) has remained higher than that of BJ, especially the cities north to BJ.
RESPONSE MEASURES ADOPTED
Beijing Emergency Response Measures (January 14, 2013)
At the above press conference, it was announced that Beijing has started the Beijing Emergency Response Plan for Heavy Air Pollution (http://zhengwu.beijing.gov.cn/yjgl/yjya/t1295465.htm), and various government agencies introduced the key measures taken:
- Fourteen inspection teams were dispatched to 14 districts and counties to oversee the pollution-reduction measures on Sunday, the bureau added.
- Require heavy polluting enterprises to reduce emission by 30%. Among them, 58 key enterprises (involving building materials, metallurgy, and chemicals) under emission reduction monitoring have stopped production, and 41 enterprises have reduced production and reached the 30% emission reduction target.
- Require 30% of vehicles owned by the government agencies and government affiliated institutes to stop running on the road, and provide more public transport in the mean time.
- Outdoor sports activities for primary and middle schools were ordered to be halted from Sunday to Tuesday in extreme pollution areas, including Tongzhou, Miyun, Daxing, Mentougou and Fangshan districts, the municipal authorities said.
- Suggestions provided to the public: do not go out unless necessary; wear masks when going out; and vulnerable groups such as elders, minors and people with chronic disease should see doctors if feeling uncomfortable.
China Cities React to Outrage Over Air Pollution (January 15, 2013)
Besides Beijing, Environmental and meteorological authorities in Nanjing, where the air pollution has been severe for nine days, have been trying to stimulate artificial rainfall to ease the pollution. Nanjing’s environmental officials also proposed a pollution-control plan to the municipal government, suggesting the activation of temporary traffic restrictions during heavily polluted weather, according to the Yangtse Evening Post.
In some cities, such as Beijing and Shijiazhuang, some schools have cancelled outdoor activities due to the heavy pollution, and the government of Zhengzhou has started tougher inspections of construction sites and coal power plants to reduce emissions and dust.
English Link: http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/755848.shtml
Mingming Liu, Director Assistant
Clean Air Asia China Office
901A Reignwood Building, No. 8 YongAnDongLi Jianguomenwai Avenue
Beijing 100022 CHINA
Tel/Fax +86 10 8528 8381